Machine learning can give solution to the current biggest challenge.
Nowadays, climate change becomes the biggest crisis in the world. To face this problem, it will need every possible solution, including deploying technology such as AI.
A research named “Tackle climate change by by machine learning”, which was taken by David Rolnick, University of Pennsylvania and his partners, shows 13 fields machine learning can be deployed in, including energy production, CO2 removal, education, solar geoengineering, and finance. Within these fields, solutions include more energy-efficient buildings, creating new low-carbon materials, better monitoring of deforestation, and greener transportation.
Although AI is not a perfect solution, it brings new insight to the problem. Here are 3 ways machine learning can tackle climate crisis.
Better climate predictions
AI can predict disasters by reconstructing past climate conditions and using data collected from ice cores. Moreover, large-scale models are capable of giving weather prediction on a hyper-local level, based on the socio-economic impacts of weather and climate.
Illustrating the effect of extreme weather
Many people experienced the effect of extreme weather. However, for other ones, it seemed to be less tangible. To make people have insights to this problem, scientists have used GANS, a type of AI to illustrate the effects of rising sea levels and more intense storms on homes.
“Our goal is not to convince people climate change is real, it’s to get people who do believe it is real to do more about that,” said Victor Schmidt.
Carbon Tracker is an independent financial think-tank working toward the UN goal of preventing new coal plants from being built by 2020. By monitoring CO2 emissions with satellite images, Carbon Tracker can use collected data to convince financial industries that carbon plants aren’t profitable.
AI can automate satellite images analysis process for regular update coal emissions. It brings a new way to measure the impacts of carbon plants: crunching numbers of nearby infrastructure and electricity use.
In conclusion, AI is becoming more and more helpful in many fields, including tackling the climate crisis which happens in our planet.
(Source: National Geographic)